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Friday, January 31, 2020 | History

5 edition of British cabinet government found in the catalog.

British cabinet government

  • 320 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by Routledge in London, New York .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Great Britain.
    • Subjects:
    • Cabinet system -- Great Britain

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. [244]-255) and index.

      StatementSimon James.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsJN405 .J35 1992
      The Physical Object
      Paginationix, 271 p. ;
      Number of Pages271
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1707939M
      ISBN 100415076056, 0415076064
      LC Control Number92009469

      Cabinet ministers who head a particular government department, such as the Ministry of Defense, are known as secretaries of state. The Cabinet has always been led by the Prime Minister, whose originally unpaid office as such was traditionally described as merely primus inter pares first among equalsbut today the Prime Minister is the preeminent head of governmentwith the effective power to appoint and dismiss Cabinet ministers and to control the Cabinet's agenda. Despite the custom of meeting on a Thursday, after the appointment of Gordon Brown as Prime Minister the meeting day was switched to Tuesday. This means that decisions have collective responsibility behind them — all Cabinet members would be expected to publicly support and defend such policies.

      Please see the official website of the British Monarchy for more information on the constitutional conventions surrounding the appointment of a Prime Minister. Members may therefore need to put aside departmental priorities and preferences to achieve coherence of overall policy. After George I —27who spoke little English, ceased to attend meetings with the committee inthe decision-making process within that body, or cabinet, as it was now known, gradually became centred on a chief, or prime, minister. However John Major did not insist on collective decision and it was stated that in his last years his cabinet was very divided and his performance seems weak and ineffectual. Ministerial responsibility means that ministers are responsible for the work of their departments and answer to Parliament for the activities of their departments.

      In the past, prime ministers also came from the House of Lords. After the war ended, however, Lloyd George began to rely increasingly on his own staff in No 10, cabinet divisions grew, and within four years his government had burst apart at the seams. Blair and his team still fail to accept that they squandered their opportunities. Before then, the last Secretary of State for a major department drawn from the Lords was David Lord Young of Graffhamserving between and as Secretary of State for Employment until and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry until The power to choose these ministers gradually shifted from the monarch to elected prime ministers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The circumstances under which this convention is followed are not possible to define strictly, and depend on many other factors.


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British cabinet government book

The Cabinet is the main body that controls policy and coordinates activities of governmental departments. Members of the Cabinet are leaders of the majority party in the House of Commons or, more rarely, members of the House of Lords.

The leading Ulster unionist, James Craig and his associates were the only Irishmen consulted during the drafting of the bill.

The prime minister presides over the Cabinet and selects the other Cabinet members, who join him or her to form the government that is part of the functioning executive.

The cabinet is the executive committee of the government and all its members are appointed by the Prime Minister and it is chaired, answerable to and accountable to the prime minister Wilson But Butler encountered a very different Thatcher, who had centralised power into No 10, notably into the hands of Bernard Ingham, her press secretary, and Charles Powell, her foreign affairs private secretary.

The partition of Ireland was the first major partition in which a British cabinet participated in territory which it had formerly controlled, but it provided a precedent for later partitions, including India and Palestine.

The History Learning Site, 27 May While Question Period in Parliament receives full media attention, the valuable work in committees tends to go unreported; however, most of it is recorded by Parliament and available to the public.

CrossRef Google Scholar 4. Therefore all members of a government Cabinet are members of the Privy Council. If an important decision is unacceptable to a particular Cabinet member, it is expected that he or she will resign to signify dissent. MPs and peers in the Cabinet use the style " the Right Honourable " abbr.

The Prime Minister normally has a weekly audience with the Queen thereafter. Often the Cabinet is 'overloaded' with business and information.

How Cabinet works

He likes to take a presidential approach to government while his other cabinet ministers will stay in the background unless there is a controversy or policy initiative. Before then, the last Secretary of State for a major department drawn from the Lords was David Lord Young of Graffhamserving between and as Secretary of State for Employment until and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry until The senior positions within the Cabinet are usually appointed by the Prime Minister within hours of an election victory.

Political parties Political parties are organizations that unite around an ideology and seek to gain political office in order to develop their views and policies in law. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

​Britain’s power brokers

It was envisaged that the council would lead to the peaceful evolution of a single parliament for all Ireland. Thus, business is done more efficiently. Download preview PDF. The Leader of the Opposition commands the same salary as a Cabinet minister and has the privilege of always asking the first question in Question Period.

These may be "planted" questions for the advantage of the Government, or antagonistic questions from the Opposition, or may genuinely seek information.

It could be argued that even 80 nationalist MPs would have made little difference considering the make-up of the House of Commons after the election. The prime minister might hold power over cabinet appointments, promotions and dismissals but according to Dearlave and Saundershe can hardly do this at will as senior ministers have their own political standing.

The prime minister can decide on which committee to be set up and has got the power to decide on who chairs it and who sits on it.

A provision in the German Basic Law, or constitution, mandates that the Bundestagor lower house of parliament, can force a federal chancellor prime minister from office by a vote of no confidence only if at the same time it elects a successor by an absolute majority.

In addition to the various secretaries of state, the Cabinet includes nondepartmental ministers who hold traditional offices—such as the lord president of the council, the paymaster general, and the lord privy seal—and ministers without portfolio, who do not have specific responsibilities but are assigned to specific tasks as needed.

If a minister cannot agree to abide by collective decision, traditionally they have to resign. This memorandum formed the basis of the subsequent Government of Ireland Bill.

It acts through the Privy Council.UBC Press, University of British Columbia, West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z2 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data applied for ISBN 0 9 paperback First published 11 Mar 11,  · This Cuban crisis was the Cold War equivalent to the September Munich crisis, which had a similar influence in finally forcing the British media and the government to focus on the threat of war and to make the utmost efforts to plan to avert unnecessary risks.

Cabinet government definition is - a government in which the real executive power rests with a cabinet of ministers who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature.

May 23,  · British Cabinet government by Loewenstein, Karl, Publication date Topics Cabinet system Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files. IN COLLECTIONS. Books to Borrow. Books for People with Print Disabilities. Internet Archive Books.

American Libraries. Uploaded by associate-nicholas-delancey on May 23, SIMILAR ITEMS (based Pages: years ago, on October 15th, a British government committee under the chairmanship of a member of the cabinet, Walter Long, met for the first time to draft a home rule bill, the fourth Author: Cormac Moore.

Cabinet Government, 3rd Edition, by Jennings, Sir Ivor, Cambridge, and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at sylvaindez.com